More Details about A Biography of Swami Keshvanand

General Information  
Author(s)M.M. Juneja
PublisherModern Publisher
Publish YearJanuary 1996


It is a matter of chance that nearly a quarter of century has passed to the death of Swami Keshvanand, but no research oriented volume on this illustrious son of the soil has been brought out so far. However, two or three books on him in Hindi have been authored by his admirers and devotees.


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I. Early Life


Swami Keshvanand was a prominent personality of north India. Being a Swami, he neither wrote his autobiography nor ever talked about his family. So, a little is only known about his family background and early life.

II. A Learner


When Birma joined the Arya Anathalaya of Ferozepore he was seventeen. So fas as his knowledge was concerned, it was hardly equal to an average boy of five. The Anathalaya was his first School.

III. A Freedom Fighter


Swami Keshvanand's desire for learning led him to know the pitiable condition of the country. Under the British rule India was going from bad to worse.

IV. The Gramotthan Vidyapeeth


Swami Keshvanand was  a multi-dimensional pesonality, yet he was popularly known as a Shiksha sant. His public life began in 1908. Since then, he had been working hard to end the prevailing ignorance among the people. His role in developing the Sadhu Ashram, Fazilka, establishing the Sahitya Sadan, Abohar, encouraging the adult education and opening the mobile library in the villages of Fazilka tehsil was highly significant.

V. Opening the Rural Schools


After consolidating the establishment of the Jat School, Sangaria, Swami Keshvanand decided to open schools in the villages of Bikaner State. It was backward state, especially in the field of education.

VI. In Support of Women's Education


When Swami Keshvanand achieved one thing, he immediately moved forward. By 1944, he placed the Jat High School, Sangaria on strong footing. So, now he devoted his time and energy to opening schools in rural areas.

VII. Love for Libraries


Swami Keshvanand was not much educated, yet he developed a habit of collecting numerous books. As the days rolled by, his collection of books increased quantitatively as well as qualitatively.

VIII. In Service of Hindi


Swami Keshvanand had great love for Hindi. He served its cause for more than six decades. If we look into the public activities of Swamiji, we shall find that he not only served the country through Hindi, but also the cause of Hindi in itself.

IX. Craze for Museums


Though Swami Keshvanand was a multi-dimentional personality, yet he concentrated himself on creating all-round awakening among the ignorant people of his region.

X. A Social Reformer


In India, it is easier to become a political leader than to a social reformer. The Indian society is not prone to change. If we look at its history, we shall find the number of saints and seers much higher than that of karma-yogis and social reformers.

XI. Fund-Collections


Swami Keshvanand was more or less a Fakir, yet he had the credit of establishing several costly institutions at Fazilka, Abohar, Mahajan (near Bikaner) and in particular at Sangaria.




XII. Was he a Sadhu?


The word 'sadhu' is a familiar word in India. It has come into use from times immemorial. It is a respectful word. It is also a synonym of Sannyasi.

XIII. Conclusion


The most interesting chapter of a biography is often its Conclusion. This chapter is supposed to examine the mind, body and soul of its hero. A biography is generally of some greatman.






1883: Birth at Magloona village in Sikar District (December).
1886: Father dies.
1889: Mother dies.
1900: Joins the Arya Anathalaya, Ferozepore.



(a) Primary Sources (unpublished)
-Personal Diaries of Ch. Harish Chandra Nain, a close associate of Swamiji.
The Log-Books of the following institutions:
-Gramotthan Vidyapeeth (including Jat School and Sir Chhotu Ram Memorial Museum), Sangaria.
Sahitya Sadan, Abohar.
-Yuvak Samiti, Sirsa.

Name Index