Forensic Uses Of Digital Imaging 2nd Edition at Meripustak

Forensic Uses Of Digital Imaging 2nd Edition

Books from same Author: RUSS J C

Books from same Publisher: Taylor and Francis

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  • General Information  
    Author(s)RUSS J C
    PublisherTaylor and Francis
    Edition2nd Edition
    ISBN9781498733076
    Pages268
    BindingHardbound
    LanguageEnglish
    Publish YearJanuary 2016

    Description

    Taylor and Francis Forensic Uses Of Digital Imaging 2nd Edition by RUSS J C

    The ability to work with, and retrieve images, is vital to forensic and criminal case work. During a five-decade-long career, author John C. Russ has taught methods for image processing and measurement to thousands of students. Forensic Uses of Digital Imaging, Second Edition distills his classroom and workshop material to present the information most relevant to forensic science. Since the publication of the first edition, there have been many significant changes in technology that have revolutionized the ways digital images are used in forensic investigations. Fully updated, the second edition: • Covers the widespread advancements of digital imaging photography and processing • Discusses the increased power, storage capacity, and use of digital cameras, laptop computers, tablets, and cell phones in forensic science • Gives real-world examples to illustrate comparisons between different processing options • Includes hundreds of full-color images that demonstrate technologies and techniques • Addresses issues of admissibility of forensic investigation results under Frye and Daubert rules • Provides guidelines and suggestions for effectively presenting and explaining results Forensic Uses of Digital Imaging, Second Edition explains concepts with minimal jargon, and the methods and tools described in this book can be implemented in a broad spectrum of available computer programs. By demonstrating how these methods can be applied to a variety of images, this book helps readers develop the ability to understand when and how specific techniques should be used. It will be of particular use in casework for practicing photography and imaging police and forensic professionals who need to verify and explain both interpretations and processes to legal professionals, judges, and juries. Key Features:- • Covers the widespread advances in digital imaging technology, techniques, and devices • Discusses how to work with both high- and lower-resolution images • Gives guidelines and suggestions for effective presentation and explanation of investigative results, including under Frye and Daubert rules • Explains advanced imaging processes and concepts with minimal jargon • Includes hundreds of full-color images to illustrate the latest forensic imaging technologies and techniques Table of Contents Digital Still and Video Cameras Digital Cameras Pixels Single-Chip Cameras Spectral Response Beyond the Visual Spectrophotometers Spatial Resolution Tonal Resolution Camera Choices File Formats and Compression JPEG Compression Video MPEG Compression Microscope Images Locard’s Principle Other Sources of Digital Images File Storage References Basic Image Processing and Enhancement Calibrating Dimension Color Spaces Color Correction Image Rectification Interpolation Adjusting Contrast and Brightness Histogram Equalization High-Bit-Depth Images Reducing Image Noise Neighborhood Convolutions Median Filters Nonuniform Illumination Complex Backgrounds Generating a Background Morphological Filters Sharpening Contrast Second Derivatives Modifications References Advanced Processing Techniques Reducing Random Noise Bilateral and Anisotropic Diffusion Filters Nonlocal Means Filter Modified Median Filters Morphological Filters Increasing Edge Contrast The Kuwahara Filter Outlining Edges Multiple Images Principal Components Analysis Fourier Transforms Frequency Filters Homomorphic Filter Periodic Noise Removal Deconvolution of Focus and Motion Blur 3D Imaging Correlation The Wavelet Transform Specialized Processing Methods References Comparison and Measurement Side-by-Side Comparison Matching Features or Dimensions Facial Recognition Biometric Measures Foot- and Tire Prints Reverse Projection Dimensional Measurements Photogrammetry Stereo Pairs Estimating Crowds Object Measurements Thresholding Processing Thresholded Images Combining Images Measuring Position and Color Measuring Size and Shape Identification Detecting Image Manipulation References Interpreting and Presenting Evidence Image Displays Explaining and Showing Procedures Comparisons Computer Graphics and Animations Dynamic Models Explaining Processing and Measurement The Photoshop Issue Credibility Standards Probability and Bayes’ Rule Evaluating Probabilities Distinguishing Groups Daubert Criteria Error and Variability Identifying Individuals Explaining Uncertainty References About the Author John C. Russ is emeritus professor in the Department of Materials Science and Technology, College of Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh. Much of his research during his 50-year career has been concerned with the microstructure and surface topography of metals and ceramics. He currently consults with a variety of companies, provides expert testimony in criminal and civil cases, teaches workshops worldwide on image processing and analysis, and reviews publications and funding proposals. He is active in a number of professional societies, and has presented frequent invited lectures and workshops for them. He has also received the Ernst Abbe Memorial Award from the New York Microscopical Society for his contributions to the field of microscopy as a developer of computer-assisted microscopy and image analysis.