An irrigation canal is a waterway, often man-made or enhanced, built for the purpose of carrying water from a source such as a lake, river, or stream, to soil used for farming or landscaping. The engineering concept of efficiency at different levels of a canal system is important for planning, designing and even operating a canal irrigation system. Much more challenging than that of groundwater is the improvement of performance of canal systems, which will remain the dominant water transfer technique in developing countries in the future. The standards used for design of irrigation canals in many countries have not kept up with the development of new technologies. Most traditional delivery systems have no or little flexibility built into them. Their control strategies and control structures are inadequate for good water management practices. Water deliveries at farm level are not compatible with the key requirements of modern agriculture. Thoughts on how to assess the performance of canal projects are evolving. Efficiency alone is not a sufficient indicator to define the performance of an irrigation system. Indicators of water productivity expressed in terms of production or value of production per unit of water are very important in increasingly water-scarce situation. A canal irrigation system may have high conveyance efficiency with a minimum of seepage and operational losses. However, if water delivery is too rigid or unreliable, there will be considerable waste further down at the farm level. A water productivity indicator provides a global indication of the effectiveness of water conservation measures and of the quality of service provided to the users, as well as the farm use of water and other inputs. This book gives an understanding of the behaviour of sediments in irrigation canals. This book will also help to decide on the appropriate design of the system, the water delivery plans, to evaluate design alternatives and to achieve an adequate and reliable water supply to the farmers.

More Details about Sediment Transport In Irrigation Canals A New Approach

General Information  
Author(s)Shivaji Shende
PublisherScitus Academics
Publish YearJanuary 2016