Wiley's Solomons, Fryhle, Synder Organic Chemistry for NEET and other Medical Entrance Examinations, 2019 at Meripustak

Wiley's Solomons, Fryhle, Synder Organic Chemistry for NEET and other Medical Entrance Examinations, 2019

Books from same Author: M S Chouhan

Books from same Publisher: Wiley

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  • General Information  
    Author(s)M S Chouhan
    Publish YearJuly 2018


    Wiley Wiley's Solomons, Fryhle, Synder Organic Chemistry for NEET and other Medical Entrance Examinations, 2019 by M S Chouhan

    Organic Chemistry for NEET and other Medical Entrance Examinations is an adaptation of the classic book Solomons' Organic Chemistry, which is widely used by the students all over the world. This adapted version provides more concise content that is structured as per the syllabus requirement. It is a definitive text offering for students preparing for NEET-UG, which replaced the All India Pre Medical test (AIPMT) for admission to MBBS and dental courses across the country. The book derives advantage from the time-tested content of the original book and offers assessment as per the entrance examination requirement.

    About the Author

    Mahendra Singh Chouhan is a renowned name in the realm of Organic Chemistry. Though a Chemical engineer from Mumbai University, he has great passion for the subject that led him to impart guidance to medical and engineering aspirants on a regular basis. Hisin-depth knowledge and vast teaching experience has helped innumerable students to achieve their dream of excelling in those areas.

    Table of Contents

    Preface to the Original Edition

    Preface to the Adapted Version

    About the Authors

    About the Adapting Author


    1 Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

    Part I: Bonding and Molecular Structure

    1.1 Life and the Chemistry of Carbon Compounds

    1.2 Chemical Bonds: The Octet Rule

    1.3 Isomers: Different Compounds that Have the Same Molecular Formula

    1.4 How to Write and Interpret Structural Formulas

    1.5 Resonance Theory

    1.6 The Structure of Methane and Ethane: sp3 Hybridization

    1.7 The Structure of Ethene (Ethylene): sp2 Hybridization

    1.8 The Structure of Ethyne (Acetylene): sp Hybridization

    1.9 How to Predict Molecular Geometry: The Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Model


    Part II: Families of Carbon Compounds

    1.10 Classification of Organic Compounds

    1.11 Hydrocarbons: Representative Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes and Aromatic Compounds

    1.12 Functional Groups

    1.13 Alkyl Halides or Haloalkanes

    1.14 Alcohols and Phenols

    1.15 Ethers

    1.16 Amines

    1.17 Aldehydes and Ketones

    1.18 Carboxylic Acids, Esters, and Amides

    1.19 Nitriles

    1.20 Summary of Important Families of Organic Compounds

    1.21 Nomenclature of Organic Compounds

    1.22 Polar Covalent Bonds

    1.23 Physical Properties and Molecular Structure


    Part III: An Introduction to Organic Reactions and their Mechanisms

    1.24 Acid–Base Reactions

    1.25 How to Use Curved Arrows in Illustrating Reactions

    1.26 Heterolysis of Bonds to Carbon: Carbocations and Carbanions

    1.27 Homolytic Fission of Bonds

    1.28 Electron Displacement Effects in Organic Compounds

    1.29 The Strength of Brønsted–Lowry Acids and Bases: Ka and pKa

    1.30 Relationships between Structure and Acidity

    1.31 A The Effect of Delocalization

    1.32 The Effect of the Solvent on Acidity

    1.33 A Mechanism for an Organic Reaction


    2 Isomerism

    2.1 Types of Isomerism

    2.2 Geometrical Isomerism

    2.3 Chirality and Stereochemistry

    2.4 Enantiomers and Chiral Molecules

    2.5 Molecules having One Chirality Center are Chiral

    2.6 How to Test for Chirality: Planes of Symmetry

    2.7 Naming Enantiomers: The R,S-System

    2.8 Properties of Enantiomers: Optical Activity

    2.9 The Synthesis of Chiral Molecules

    2.10 Molecules with More than One Chirality Center

    2.11 Fischer Projection Formulas

    2.12 Stereoisomerism of Cyclic Compounds

    2.13 Relating Configurations through Reactions in Which No Bonds to the Chirality Center are Broken

    2.14 Chiral Molecules that do not Possess a Chirality

    2.15 Conformational Isomerism


    3 Purification and Characterization of Organic

    3.1 Methods of Purification of Organic Compounds

    3.2 Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds

    3.3 Quantitative Analysis

    3.4 Determination of Empirical Formula of the


    4 Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

    4.1 Introduction to Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

    4.2 Shapes of Alkanes

    4.3 How to Name Alkanes and Alkyl Groups: The IUPAC System

    4.4 How to Name Cycloalkanes

    4.5 Physical Properties of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

    4.6 Isomerism

    4.7 Synthesis of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

    4.8 How to Gain Structural Information from Molecular Formulas and the Index of Hydrogen Deficiency

    4.9 Chemical Reactions of Alkanes

    4.10 Conformations

    4.11 The Relative Stabilities of Cycloalkanes: Ring Strain

    4.12 Conformations of Cyclohexane: The Chair and the Boat

    4.13 Disubstituted Cycloalkanes: Cis–Trans Isomerism


    5 Alkenes and Alkynes

    Part I: Alkenes

    5.1 Structure of the Double Bond

    5.2 Isomerism

    5.3 How to Name Alkenes and Cycloalkenes

    5.4 The (E )–(Z ) System for Designating Alkene Diastereomers

    5.5 Relative Stabilities of Alkenes

    5.6 Cycloalkenes

    5.7 Synthesis of Alkenes by Hydrogenation of Alkynes

    5.8 Synthesis of Alkenes via Elimination Reactions

    5.9 Carbocation Stability and the Occurrence of Molecular Rearrangements

    5.10 Hydrogenation of Alkenes

    5.11 Addition Reactions of Alkenes

    5.12 Oxidation of Alkenes: Syn 1,2-Dihydroxylation


    Part II: Alkynes

    5.13 Structure of the Triple Bond

    5.14 Isomerism

    5.15 How to Name Alkynes

    5.16 The Acidity of Terminal Alkynes

    5.17 Methods of Preparation

    5.18 Chemical Reactivity


    Part III: Conjugated Unsaturated Systems

    5.19 The Stability of the Allyl Radical

    5.20 The Allyl Cation

    5.21 Alkadienes and Polyunsaturated Hydrocarbons

    5.22 1,3-Butadiene: Electron Delocalization

    5.23 The Stability of Conjugated Dienes

    5.24 Allylic Substitution and Allylic Radicals

    5.25 Electrophilic Attack on Conjugated Dienes: 1,4-Addition

    5.26 The Diels–Alder Reaction: A 1,4-Cycloaddition Reaction of Dienes


    6 Aromatic Compounds and their Reactions

    6.1 The Discovery of Benzene

    6.2 Nomenclature of Benzene Derivatives

    6.3 Structure of Benzene

    6.4 The Thermodynamic Stability of Benzene

    6.5 Modern Theories of the Structure of Benzene

    6.6 Hückel’s Rule: The 4n + 2π Electron Rule

    6.7 Other Aromatic Compounds

    6.8 Preparation of Arenes

    6.9 Physical Properties of Arenes

    6.10 Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Reactions

    6.11 A General Mechanism for Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution

    6.12 Halogenation of Benzene

    6.13 Nitration of Benzene

    6.14 Sulfonation of Benzene

    6.15 Friedel–Crafts Reactions

    6.16 Substituents Can Affect Both the Reactivity of the Ring and the Orientation of the Incoming Group

    6.17 How Substituents Affect Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution: A Closer Look

    6.18 Reactions of the Side Chain of Alkylbenzenes

    6.19 Oxidation Reactions

    6.20 Addition Reactions

    6.21 Reduction of Aromatic Compounds

    7 Alkyl and Aryl Halides


    Part I: Alkyl Halides (Haloalkanes)

    7.2 Nomenclature

    7.3 Physical Properties of Alkyl Halides

    7.4 Preparation of Alkyl Halides

    7.5 Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions of Alkyl Halides

    7.6 Elimination Reactions of Alkyl Halides

    7.7 Overall Summary–Substitution and Elimination Reactions

    7.8 Reaction of Alkyl Halides with Metals

    7.9 Reduction of Alkyl Halides to Hydrocarbons

    7.10 Polyhalogen Compounds


    Part II: Aryl Halides (Haloarenes)

    7.11 Nomenclature

    7.12 Preparation of Aryl Halides

    7.13 Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution in Aryl Halides

    7.14 Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Reaction

    7.15 Reaction with Metals


    8 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

    8.1 Structure and Classification

    8.2 Structures of Functional Groups

    8.3 Nomenclature

    8.4 Physical Properties

    8.5 Synthesis of Alcohols

    8.6 Synthesis of Phenols

    8.7 Synthesis of Ethers

    8.8 Reactions of Alcohols

    8.9 Reactions of Phenols as Acids

    8.10 Reactions of Ethers

    8.11 Distinction Between 1°, 2°, 3° Alcohols

    8.12 Some Commercially Important Alcohols and Ethers


    9 Aldehydes and Ketones

    9.1 Nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones

    9.2 Structure of the Carbonyl Group

    9.3 Physical Properties

    9.4 Synthesis of Aldehydes

    9.5 Synthesis of Ketones

    9.6 Miscellaneous Methods for Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones

    9.7 Nucleophilic Addition to the Carbon–Oxygen Double Bond

    9.8 The Addition of Alcohols: Hemiacetals and Acetals

    9.9 The Addition of Hydrogen Cyanide: Cyanohydrins

    9.10 The Addition of Sodium Hydrogen Sulfite

    9.11 Addition of Grignard Reagents

    9.12 The Addition of Primary and Secondary Amines

    9.13 The Addition of Ylides: The Wittig Reaction

    9.14 Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones

    9.15 Oxidation of Aldehydes and Ketones

    9.16 The Acidity of the α Hydrogens of Carbonyl Compounds: Enolate Anions

    9.17 Keto and Enol Tautomers

    9.18 Reactions via Enols and Enolates

    9.19 Lithium Enolates

    9.20 Aldol Reactions: Addition of Enolates and Enols to Aldehydes and Ketones

    9.21 Crossed Aldol Condensations

    9.22 Cyclizations via Aldol Condensations

    9.23 Other Important Reactions

    9.24 Summary of Aldehyde and Ketone Reactions


    10 Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives

    10.1 Structure of the Carboxyl Group

    10.2 Nomenclature and Physical Properties

    10.3 Preparation of Carboxylic Acids

    10.4 Chemical Properties of Carboxylic Acids

    10.5 Acyl Substitution: Nucleophilic Addition–Elimination at the Acyl Carbon

    10.6 Acyl Chlorides

    10.7 Carboxylic Acid Anhydrides

    10.8 Esters

    10.9 Amides

    10.10 Decarboxylation of Carboxylic Acids

    10.11 Summary of the Reactions of Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives


    11 Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

    Part I: Amines

    11.1 Nomenclature of Amines

    11.2 Physical Properties and Structure of Amines

    11.3 Preparation of Amines

    11.4 Basicity of Amines: Amine Salts

    11.5 Reactions of Amines

    11.6 Reactions of Amines with Nitrous Acid

    11.7 Reactions of Amines with Sulfonyl Chlorides: Test for Amines

    11.8 Eliminations Involving Ammonium Compounds


    Part II: Arenediazonium Salts

    11.9 Preparation of Arenediazonium Salts

    11.10 Replacement Reactions of Arenediazonium Salts

    11.11 Coupling Reactions of Arenediazonium Salts


    Part III: Cyanides and Isocyanides

    11.12 Preparation and Properties of Cyanides and Isocyanides

    11.13 Summary of Reactions of Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen


    12 Biomolecules

    Part I: Carbohydrates

    12.1 Classification of Carbohydrates

    12.2 Monosaccharides

    12.4 Polysaccharides

    12.5 Other Biologically Important Sugars

    12.6 Sugars that Contain Nitrogen


    Part II: Amino Acids and Proteins

    12.7 Amino Acids

    12.8 Polypeptides and Proteins

    12.9 Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structures of Proteins

    12.10 Denaturation of Proteins

    12.11 Introduction to Enzymes

    12.12 Hormones

    12.13 Vitamins


    Part III: Nucleic Acids

    12.14 Nucleotides and Nucleosides

    12.15 Deoxyribonucleic Acid: DNA

    12.16 RNA and Protein Synthesis


    Part IV: Lipids

    12.17 Fatty Acids and Triacylglycerols

    12.18 Terpenes and Terpenoids

    12.19 Phospholipids and Cell Membranes

    12.20 Waxes


    13 Polymers

    13.1 Some Terms Related to Polymers

    13.2 Classification of Polymers

    13.3 Addition Polymerization or Chain-Growth Polymerization

    13.4 Preparation of Some Important Addition Polymers

    13.5 Condensation Polymerization or Step-Growth Polymerization

    13.6 Natural Rubber

    13.7 Synthetic Rubbers

    13.8 Molecular Mass of Polymers

    13.9 Biodegradable Polymers

    13.10 Polymers of Commercial Importance


    14 Chemistry in Everyday Life

    14.2 Drug–Target Interaction

    14.3 Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs

    14.4 Chemicals in Food

    14.5 Cleansing Agents



    Solved Examples

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    NEET 2018 chemistry paper